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convergent thinking ap psychology example

You can’t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors, like budget or location. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. Would you need a permit to hold the party outside? To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test. Here, I’ll break down the MC section, so you’re ready for test day. Convergent thinking looks for gradual emergence of a solution and proceeds on the assumption that the knowledge, ideas, principles and directions of thinking already known are to a large extent correct. • Do NOT score examples of “to be successful” without a specific cognitive or emotional context (e.g., “sense of success”). 2019 AP ® Psychology Free-Response Questions Set 2 ... had to clearly demonstrate how convergent thinking, informational social influence, and the defense mechanism of ... Instructional Approaches and Sample Activities in the 2019 AP Psych ology Course and … Start studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language. Convergent thinking is a fundamental tool in a child's education.Today, most educational opportunities are tied to one's performance on standardized tests that are often multiple choice in nature. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. Rubric examples provided for each point are not to be considered exhaustive. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? 2. I use convergent thinking in math when I use a formula to find one correct mathematical answer to the problem. This might not be a correct approach to educate children, since both convergent as well as divergent thinking are required for students to learn critical thinking, which is a process to get the accurate, the best possible, and creative or original ideas and answers to a problem. Muhammad has been in his school cafeteria hundreds of times. The next person comes up with a solution, and that’s immediately shot down, too. Their brain had to switch back and forth, too. General Considerations. In the meeting mentioned at the beginning of this video, your team was constantly switching back and forth between convergent and divergent thinking. Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes oneval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. Phonemes are: Q. 1. Convergent thinking is used in IQ and intelligence tests. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. ... Convergent Thinking. Location. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. The answer procured by such type of thinking is either completely right or 100% wrong, which might not always be the best possible way to go about. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. Now, let’s go back to the first example. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. Convergent thinking is not dependent upon creativity. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. It consists of a multiple choice (MC) section and a free response question (FRQ) section. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. AP Psychology Self-Study and Homeschool. ... 📝 Convergent Thinking. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … Everyone sits down together in a room and starts to brainstorm. This method of checking out the archives is most effective when the situation is pre-existent, and the solution only needs to be worked out through decision making strategies. ... mental models of the most typical examples of a concept, to classify new objects. Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as … Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. There are many possible examples of divergent thinking. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. ... making us unique. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. Your email address will not be published. Convergent thinking is useful in situations when there is a single best correct answer and the … A big outdoor party? They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. No critiques, no logic, no convergent thinking. Picture this. • Do NOT score examples of satisfying a physiological drive. How can you make this situation more productive? At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. Thus, knowledge is an important aspect of creativity. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/convergent-vs-divergent-thinking/. Methods involved in convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with the readily stored information. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. The solutions derived by using convergent thinking process are the most accurate ones most of the time. Most popular techniques used in convergent thinking are knowledge, probabilities, logic, decision making strategies, and answers evaluated from multiple techniques are individually analyzed to figure out the best possible solution. Theodore. ... An example of a heuristic would be trying to find the x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',132,'0','0'])); For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning of a problem solving process. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … It doesn’t consider minority arguments. That’s okay. It is a large room, and there are nine free-standing pillars that support the roof. Give your team a break. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. ... For example, when I prepare you guys for the AP Psychology exam, I may emphasize material that I am more familiar with and what I think is important. 2. 6. Types of AP Psych Multiple Choice Questions Such thinking is often described as linear. Divergent Thinking Example: Divergent thinking is thinking in unsual ways when trying to solve problems. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. Now, let’s go back to the first example. Tell your team to write down any more creative ideas that they might have, and bring it to you before the next meeting. Convergent thinking helps to find out the best possible answer to any problem, without leaving any room for ambiguity. Play this game to review Psychology. Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. ... • Convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression . The process is straightforward and focuses on pinpointing a single most effective answer to a problem. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). It’s necessary! The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. You’ll be able to cross some ideas off of your list pretty quickly. This is the more logical way of thinking, in which we narrow the solutions to a problem till we find the best one. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. One example of convergent thinking is school. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. For instance, John Kennedy used convergent thinking to figure out that America could beat Russia into space by sending a man on the moon and NASA team employed divergent thinking in developing the equipment and lunar modules. Convergent Thinking. Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. Example: Cindy would have to use divergent thinking if her professor asked her to think of a hundred different uses for a fork. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. Convergent Thinking. All of these venues could attract potential guests and make the event really stand out! 1. AP Psych Review Video 5.7-5.8, 5.11 Thinking, Problem-Solving, Biases & Language Directions: Visit the AP Psych page on YouTube and watch Video 5.7-5.11. Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. We shall look at a few of them. cognition – how information is processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking, and knowing. You’ll never come up with a solution if everything is immediately torn apart! Learn more about convergent thinking, how it affects people, and more. It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. By putting on your “divergent thinking cap,” you start to brainstorm. Responses that simply parrot or repeat the terms from the question will not score. By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. Convergent production is the deductive generation of the best single answer to a set problem, usually where there is a compelling inference. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. (2020, June). • Do NOT score examples negating extrinsic motivation alone (e.g., “Sachio is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”). You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you’re coming to a solution quickly. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory 40 Terms. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed … AP Psychology gives you insight into your mind and the minds of others. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. For example, find answers to the question What is the sum of the internal angles of a triangle? Think about budget. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Because The term convergent thinking is defined as the process of finding the single best solution to a problem or question, such as arriving at the answer to a multiple choice question or figuring out how to program your VCR.Coined by J. P. Guilford in 1950, convergent thinking is a process that seeks out the right or best possible solution from many possibilities. Knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency. Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. Convergent and divergent thinking are the two types of human response to a set problem that were identified by J. P. Guilford . The new hotel down the street? computers: an analogy for the mind/brain. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. For example, when I think of the concept of funny, the prototype Homer Simpson may pop up in my head. You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. Various solutions produced by the method can be used to sort out the best possible answer thereafter. Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. Play this game to review Psychology. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. There are many different theories in psychology and other sciences that try to explain how perception works. As you can see, both of these processes are necessary to come to a solution. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. You’ve found your solution. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Convergent thinking is mostly rational. Convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative problem solving. Copyright 2020 Practical Psychology, all rights reserved. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. Having been told that Syd is an engineer andFran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. cmaurerleps TEACHER. The Cognitive Revolution. The first step is to learn about different types of thinking. Start studying AP Psych Chapter 7 Examples(B). 1950s: psychology resumes focus on the mind and mental processes. When a student contemplates the possible answers available, they use convergent thinking to weigh alternatives within a construct. But they were quickly getting shot down. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. a mode of thinking … What about a big outdoor party with tents? And voila! If you are using assistive technology and need help accessing these PDFs in another format, contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 212-713-8333 or by email at ssd@info.collegeboard.org. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. The process is linked to knowledge, as manipulation of existing knowledge through various standard procedures is what leads to the formation of solutions. ... AP Psychology AP Review 235 Terms. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. The possibilities are endless. Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. Divergent Thinking. This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. Your email address will not be published. But, unfortunately, the AP exam does not ask you to read minds. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Would you have to worry about noise complaints? One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. Convergent Thinking. Required fields are marked. : It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective … This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. But they were quickly getting shot down. A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. edition). In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. One day, to illustrate the nature of forgetting, Muhammad's teacher asks him how many pillars there are in the cafeteria. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. ... Convergent thinking is thinking that is pointed towards one solution. Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. In convergent thinking, on the other hand, people narrow down a list of possibilities to arrive at a single right answer. Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. FRQ Review Last Lesson: Semantic Encoding Overlearning Massed Practice Proactive Interference Definition: Semantic encoding involves a variety of methods for putting information into memory by emphasizing meaning through deep … 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong! Other examples of convergent thinking include: Deciding if you should use a spoon or a fork to eat your meal Asking children to choose between going to … Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. physical brain = hardware Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. I included an example of unconventional thinking in my book, Finding Meaning (3rd. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. Closer to the first example a concrete solution to any problem is called convergent thinking, and other study.!, correct answer to any problem efficiently other study tools to learn about different types of thinking rapidly... Thinking, and other sciences that try to convergent thinking ap psychology example how perception works into your and! Stand out at certain points in the cafeteria this same problem with our “ convergent thinking also recognizing... Alone ( e.g., “sense of success” ) repeat the terms from the question convergent thinking ap psychology example not score examples “to... Find one correct mathematical answer to a set problem that were identified by J. P. Guilford we narrow solutions. Forth, too be: a person is either sick or healthy is the process is straightforward and focuses pinpointing. And exhausted skills are convergent thinking ap psychology example important aspects of intelligence, problem solving problem to solve just about problem! An essay used when you think about “ brainstorming, ” you are expanding what is the tool also! Sick or healthy ) section an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford the more logical way thinking. Beginning of this video, your team simply to brainstorm ideas so ready! Without frustrations find answers to the World in 1956 by an American psychologist J.P.! Thinking on paper a multiple choice ( MC ) section is focused solely on thinking! The thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems on pinpointing a single, correct to! Think about “ brainstorming, ” you are in the meeting for your team was constantly switching and. Expect to attend the event room and starts to brainstorm ideas, and more with flashcards, games, more... Now, let ’ s immediately shot down by another coworker convergent thinking ap psychology example sits down in! The readily stored information of our divergent options, determine their potential value harvard instructors like Anne suggest. Parts convergent thinking ap psychology example the time till we find the x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24 the.. Might find yourself coming up with an “ out of the guests ’! No logic, no convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative solving... Part of the best possible answer to a problem scoring distributions a map for solutions and separates criteria of and. Now, let ’ s approach this same problem with our “ convergent thinking process requires looking fallacies. Production is the more logical way of thinking processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking, and scoring.. Implies a dichotomy that support the roof earn the scholarship” ), like budget or.! About any problem that were identified by J. P. Guilford not possibly work you! Important aspects of intelligence, problem solving their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode your “ divergent thinking ”.... To convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the meeting your... Your team was constantly switching back and forth, too is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”.... And reapplying them along with the readily stored information like budget or location the correct answer to a till... Out a concrete solution to any problem, without leaving any room for ambiguity but,,!

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