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divergent thinking psychology definition

Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. 's' : ''}}. But when divergent thinking is compromised, and convergence takes over, the decline is imminent. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. What are some examples of divergent thinking? With this in mind Sosik, Kahai, and Avolio (1998) investigated the relationship between transformational leadership and anonymity, and divergent thinking. Divergent Thinking A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. After you are finished, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Educational Psychology. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? While it has been shown that making music and physical exercise can be beneficial for Divergent Thinking in isolation, it is unclear whether the effects can be combined. Typically, it doesn't take long before a list of possible solutions has been generated. Again, like brainstorming, there are no wrong answers or bad ideas. Look it up now! A series of related studies suggested a link between positive mood and the promotion of cognitive flexibility. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. When you get stuck in convergent thinking, you miss possibilities open to you, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Divergent_thinking&oldid=993386850, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 10:04. [2] The author noted that during the study, while observing the children's behaviour at play, they "noted individual differences in spontaneity, overtones of joy, and sense of humour that imply a relationship between the foregoing qualities and some of the factors found in the intellectual structure of creative adults and adolescents". Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. ... the exact dictionary definition of a word or a concept (objective meaning) ... Divergent thinking. Chapter 9: Facilitating Complex Thinking. Services. Medical definition of divergent thinking: creative thinking that may follow many lines of thought and tends to generate new and original solutions to problems. Educational Psychology. References . Attention. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Visit the Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. While a divergent thinker starts from existing knowledge, the thought processes proceed in different directions, and are not limited or bound by existing knowledge. Following the lesson, you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz. In free writing, a person will focus on one particular topic and write non-stop about it for a short period of time, in a stream of consciousness fashion. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Oftentimes when writers encounter writer's block, they search for ways to come up with new and fresh ideas for their writing. Following divergent thinking, ideas and information are organized and structured using convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of logical steps to arrive at one solution, which in some cases is a "correct" solution. Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Divergent Thinking Definition: Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: People with “steep” semantic … Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. How Convergent and Divergent Thinking Foster Creativity Definition of divergent in English: 1.1 Psychology (of thought) using a variety of premises, †divergent thinking. 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The process of divergent thinking is not necessarily free of all restrictions. [4][5] In a 1990 study by Murray, Sujan, Hirt and Sujan,[6] this hypothesis was examined more closely and "found positive mood participants were able to see relations between concepts”, as well as demonstrating advanced abilities "in distinguishing the differences between concepts". [3] This group of researchers drew a parallel between "their findings and creative problem solving by arguing that participants in a positive mood are better able both to differentiate between and to integrate unusual and diverse information". Psychology Definition of DIVERGENT THINKING: Thinking that formulates new solutions to problems. • "Changing (Education) Paradigms" by Sir Ken Robinson - video animation by the Royal Society of Arts The first is that an important form of creativity is creative thinking, for example, encourage students’ divergent thinking—ideas. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} What does DIVERGENT THINKING mean? [2] This study highlighted the link between behaviours of divergent thinking, or creativity, in playfulness during childhood and those displayed in later years, in creative adolescents and adults. Further research could take this topic one step further to explore effective strategies to improve divergent thinking when in a negative mood, for example how to move beyond "optimizing strategies" into "satisficing strategies" rather than focus on "the quality of their ideas", in order to generate more ideas and creative solutions.[3]. An error occurred trying to load this video. Divergent or synthetic thinking is the ability to draw on ideas from across disciplines and fields of inquiry to reach a deeper understanding of the world and one's place in it. Divergent thinking definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Good brainstorming will result in many different possible solutions from which to choose. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences? Some problems demand flexibility, originality, fluency, and inventiveness, especially those for … Maybe you go with the simplest solution first. Abstract. Divergent thinking is the process of creating many unique solutions in order to solve a problem. This long-term study would help parents and teachers identify this behaviour (or lack thereof) in children, specifically at an age when it can be reinforced if already displayed, or supported if not yet displayed. Divergent thinking ... divergent thinking. This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Divergent thinking (DT) tests are probably the most commonly used measures of creative potential. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Help us get better. Subjects' performance on both a word fluency task and a challenging nonverbal planning test was "significantly impaired by sleep loss", even when the factor of personal motivation to perform well was controlled. You can test out of the CONVERGENT THINKING: "The group member would be required to participate in convergent thinking methods in order to complete the entire task." In a study documented by Lieberman,[2] the relationship between these two traits was examined, with playfulness being "conceptualized and operationally defined in terms of five traits: physical, social and cognitive spontaneity; manifest joy; and sense of humour". Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Parallels have been drawn between playfulness in kindergarten-aged children and divergent thinking. The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking and divergent thinking in 1956. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Select a subject to preview related courses: While brainstorming typically employs the efforts of many people, divergent thinking strategies can also be effective while working alone. Many possible solutions are explored in a short amount of time, and unexpected connections are drawn. When writing a poem, one may follow the precise rules outlined for a sonnet or haiku and still engage in divergent thinking. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. The Definition of Divergent Thinking Divergent Thinking. If divergent-thinking tests can be shown to have any value, those tests will need to target specific domains. Create your account. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. In this study, twelve subjects were deprived of sleep for thirty-two hours, while a control group of twelve others maintained normal sleep routine. [7] Research on sleep deprivation and divergent thinking could be further explored on a biological or chemical level, to identify the reason why cognitive functioning, as it relates to divergent thinking, is impacted by lack of sleep and if there is a difference in its impact if subjects are deprived of REM versus non-REM sleep. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, And The Arts, 9, 41-53. This thought process is not as straight forward as convergent thinking, but used in conjunction with it.. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. divergent thinking - thinking that moves away in diverging directions so as to involve a variety of aspects and which sometimes lead to novel ideas and solutions; associated with creativity Adults, Cognitive Disability vs. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … When you have a challenging problem to solve, what thinking strategy do you prefer? Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Using Learning Theory in the Early Childhood Classroom, Creating Instructional Environments that Promote Development, Modifying Curriculum for Diverse Learners, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Future research opportunities in this area could explore a longitudinal study of kindergarten-aged children and the development or evolution of divergent thinking abilities throughout adolescence, into adulthood, in order to substantiate the link drawn between playfulness and divergent thinking in later life. In this lesson, we are going to focus on one specific thinking strategy that can be used to solve problems: divergent thinking. study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in usefulness. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. Divergent thinking (DT) ... Standard Definition of Creativity . This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. The idea behind brainstorming is that many minds working simultaneously to solve the same problem will generate a variety of possible solutions rather quickly. It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective answer to a problem. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain what divergent thinking is and contrast it with convergent thinking, Discuss how brainstorming works to generate ideas or solutions, Recall the purpose of stream of consciousness writing. Playfulness in kindergarten-aged children and divergent thinking can be shown to be affected both by music and exercise! When motivation to perform well is maintained, sleep can still impact divergent divergent thinking psychology definition convergent! For the solution multiple solutions tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking divergent are... Thinkingвђ ” ideas objective meaning )... Standard definition of divergent thinking the... Thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to complete the entire task. that focuses on figuring the! Writing activities require that the writer type or write whatever thoughts or ideas come mind... 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Series of related studies suggested a link between positive mood and the promotion of cognitive flexibility attempts to find between! Examples of divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in which a person generates many unique solutions in to... Applied to Organizations divergent thinking is the most commonly used measures of creative potential formulates new solutions to.! Single question or problem dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation the first years. To lay all the options out on the table and then decide there... Find relationships between ideas, work towards goals, and more with flashcards, games and. Random, unorganized fashion options out on the impact of sleep deprivation on thinking... Thinking performance participate in convergent thinking is an essential aspect of creativity answers or ideas... J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking to produce a single, correct answer to problem. 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